Types according to defensive position, dimensions, manufacturing
In baseball, everything has been created and set up completely and clearly, it doesn’t allow for “inventions” on the fly or for personal interpretations as to its objective and each of its foundations. One of the devices involved in playing baseball is the glove, the specified specifications are also very specific and clearly the official law of the game.
The players use gloves in each of the innings when they have to cover the playing field on the defensive, that is, at that moment of the match in which the opposing team is in batting turn. With this as vital as peculiar rigging, players specify the catches that will lead to the outs that are needed to close the offensive entries of the opposing club.
Types of gloves
Due to their defensive position , players require a certain type of glove. The so-called pet, which uses the catcher to receive pitcher pitches to the home, is the most different from the rest. It looks almost like a circumference in the hand of the receiver, and it is obviously thicker to be able to safely catch balls that travel at high speed, some lines pass 100 miles per hour.
The player who defends first base uses a glove called a mascot, which is distinguished by its larger size compared to those used by the other players in the infield, as well as by a slightly deeper mesh between the thumb and the index.
The initialist not only has to capture rolling s (rolled shots), high or lines, but also a large number of pitches that are made to take out the batter-runner of the opposing team at first base, in his offensive turn. The other two types of gloves are those used by pitchers, the rest of the infielders (second baseman, shortstop and third baseman) and outfielders or gardeners, who also have their own specifications.
The main raw material of a professional or amateur baseball glove is leather. Obviously, the higher the quality of this material, the glove will be better. The Major League Baseball requires manufacturers, as is logical to assume, maximum control in that regard.
To a large extent, thanks to the strict vigilance of the MLB, the defensive game is more precise and decisive, and it is awarded its best exponents of each season, with one of the largest major league awards: the Golden Glove ( Gold Glove Award , in English), both in the American League and in the National League, sponsored by the manufacturer.
For its manufacture 20 pieces of leather are used, some softer and others more resistant. The leather has to be strong enough to withstand the impact when catching a ball that comes almost like a stone, in addition to being very flexible to fit perfectly to the player’s hand, who needs to close it with medium pressure with his fingers to hold the ball .
The mesh or net that is placed in the glove between the thumb and the index should be made of the strongest leather material, while the one used for the fingers has to be the softest. The cover is sewn with industrial machines, leaving the seams hidden inside. Its inner part is reinforced, while the fingers are joined and adjusted through strings, also of leather.
Do not forget a detail: if you plan to buy a glove for yourself, for a child or a teenager, in order to practice this sport for fun, remember that while it is made of quality leather (do not buy imitations of leather or plastic), they can enjoy a baseball game with greater security
The Baseball Rule
Next, we invite you to read what the Official Baseball Rules indicate in your article 1.00 on the ‘Objectives of the game’, which includes the playing field and the equipment to be used, such as uniforms, caps and, precisely the gloves.
1.12 . The catcher may use a leather glove, no larger than 38 inches in circumference, or more than 15 and a half inches, from the top to the bottom. Such measures will include any stringing or leather cord or cover added to the edge and outside of the glove. For the thumb and forearm part, the distance between them shall not exceed 6 inches at the top and 4 inches at the base of the thumb cross. The net will not measure more than 7 inches across the top or more than 6 inches from the top to the base of the thumb. The net can be a string or woven through leather eyes of the same glove or a single piece of leather that can be of an extension of the palm, woven with a cord and constructed in such a way, that it does not exceed the specified measures.
1.13. The first base may use a leather glove or mitten no more than 12 inches long, counting from the base to the tip, and not more than 8 inches wide across the palm, measured from the base of the curve of the thumb to the outer tip of the glove. The space between the thumb section and the finger section of the glove should not be larger than 4 inches at the tip of the glove, and 3 1/2 inches at the base of the thumb curve. The glove must be constructed so that this space is permanently fixed and cannot be extended by the use of any process or material. The glove loop should measure no more than 5 inches from its tip to the base of the thumb curve. The loop can be a loop, passing it through the eyes in the leather, or a central piece of leather, which may be an extension of the palm connected to the glove with ties, and constructed in such a way that it does not exceed the measures mentioned above. The loop cannot be constructed of tangled or interwoven or sunken rope to be a kind of net to catch. The glove can be of any weight.
1.14. Any fielder, other than first baseman or catcher, may wear a leather glove. Measures that determine the size of the glove should be taken by measuring the front of the glove or the side that receives the ball. The measuring tape should be placed on the surface of the piece being measured and follow all the contours in the process. The glove should not measure more than 12 inches from the tip of any of the four fingers, through the center receiving the ball to the edge of the bottom or heel of the glove. The glove should not be more than 7 3/4 inches wide, measured from the inside position of the base of the index finger along the base of the other fingers, to outer edge of the index finger, can be trimmed with one piece leather or mesh. The mesh can be constructed of two layers of standard leather to close the cross completely, or it can be constructed of a series of leather tunnels, or a series of leather panels, or interwoven straps. The net fabric cannot be constructed of woven or rolled belts in such a way that the net forms a type of bag to catch, when the net fabric is made to completely cover the cross area, it can be constructed in such a way Keep it flexible. When it is constructed of a series of sections they must all be joined. The net fabric cannot be constructed of woven or rolled belts in such a way that the net forms a type of bag to catch, when the net fabric is made to completely cover the cross area, it can be constructed in such a way Keep it flexible. When it is constructed of a series of sections they must all be joined. The net fabric cannot be constructed of woven or rolled belts in such a way that the net forms a type of bag to catch, when the net fabric is made to completely cover the cross area, it can be constructed in such a way Keep it flexible. When it is constructed of a series of sections they must all be joined.
The sections may not be made in a way that allows a slight concavity that can develop due to curvatures in the finger sections. The net fabric should be adjusted so that it controls the size of the cross opening. The opening will measure no more than 4 1/2 inches at the top and will be 3 1/2 inches wide at the base position. The opening of the cross may not be more than 4 1/2 inches at any point below its top. The depth of the mesh will be in accordance with the stipulated measures. The net must be secured on each side with straps; These links must be secure and if they give of themselves, because they are stretched or loosened, they must be adjusted to their own place. A glove can also have any weight.
1.15 (a) The player’s glove at the pitching position may not be white, gray or distracting. (b) No pitcher shall stick or put on his glove any foreign material of a color different from that of his glove. (c) The chief umpire shall, with any glove that violates rules 1.15 (a) or 1.15 (b) remove it from the game, either on his own initiative, on the advice of a partner, or by the claim of the opposition manager with who the chief arbitrator must match.
NOTE: Manufacturers who have innovative plans or ideas for modifications in equipment for the Professional Baseball League must submit them to the Official Game Rules Committee before production.